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Internet of Things or IoT is when we connect physical objects to the Internet to make devices smarter and more efficient. It could be anything! We connect physical objects to the internet so they can be smarter and therefore, makes our lives easier!
So what does it mean to make a physical object smarter?
Let’s use your phone as an example. Before it was connected to the internet, it was pretty useless (compared to what we can use it for today!) - you could only play songs you put in it, and you could only call people you had in your contacts book.
Then one day, we had the brilliant idea of connecting it to the internet.
Now, you can download any app anyone has put online, have hundreds of communication channels, and have access to information no library, or Terabytes of data could ever fit. This is what it means to make physical objects smarter by connecting them to the internet!
Internet of Things is all about expanding the power of what anything could have, to use the data we get to our advantage and in the best, most efficient ways.
Whatever the benefit of the IoT can bring you, is the reason why you should connect your objects to the internet! It can be anything - connecting your water bottle to track how much you’re drinking every day, or even just farmers wanting to check on their crops without having to walk a whole kilometre.
With the Internet, everything happens in real-time! And you can already see it disrupt many (if not all) industries. Like:
So how can we connect physical objects to the Internet?
There are 4 main building blocks of any IoT project:
IoT Hardware Device
IoT Hardware Device:
This would likely be the most complicated part of an IoT product, because each can be very unique based on specific needs!
Hardware has processor/controllers that act as a brain, and sensors and actuators that can collect data and perform on commands.
There are a variety of microcontroller-based boards and microprocessor-based boards you can choose from:
Pick a board that fits your requirements. Using pins help you connect any sensors or actuators you like, such as:
To connect your physical object to the internet/cloud, there are a few of ways of doing so, all of which also depend on what it will be used and how you need it!
The Product Cloud is where all the gathering, processing, analysis of databases and information is stored.
When the cloud receives raw data from devices, it can transform the data to readable data, apply business logic, store data usefully, and power the features of the IoT product.
Here are a few cloud solutions you can use:
We hope this helped you understand the very basics of creating an IoT product! Go ahead, learn it, and try it for yourself! Let us know what you build ;) Or let us know how we can help you!